the Qur'an and
The mystical expressions of the Qur'anic verses of the Prophet
are the direct sources of Sufism. The concepts of nafs (self),
zikr (remembrance), ebadat (prayer), morakaba
(meditation), miraj (ascension), tajalli (divine illumination),
faqr (spiritual poverty), tawhid (Unity of God), fana
(annihilation) and baqa (subsistence) are all the basic sources
of Sufism, as practied in Bangladesh.
we presently know of Sufism in Bangladesh is owed to the great saint
in Bangladesh, Khwaja Enayetpuri, whose family lineage traced back
to Baghdad but later on migrated to Delhi. Having reached the highest
grade of theosophical, intuitional and spiritual speculation, Khwaja
Enayetpuri preached his valuable Sufi teachings in which we find
the influence of several traditional Sufi Orders. Hazrat Khwaha
Yunus Ali, (Khwaja Enayetpuri), was born on Zilhaj 11, 1303 in Hizri
(also spelled Hijrat. SJ0 er at Enayetpur in the district of Sirajgonj,
Bangladesh. He possessed a highly dignified lineage. HIs father,
Khwaja Abdul Karim was believed to have read a large number of religious
texts in his childhood and thus was known as a great Islamic scholar.
He was greatly enlightened in the light of Sufism, the germ of which
is traced to passages of the Qur'an. He passed away when Khwaja
Enayetpuri was only five years old. It is believed that all fo the
predecessors of Khwaja Enayetpuri were well educated and originated
from Sufi families.
Enayetpuri devoted eighteen years, surrendering himself to the path
of Allah under the guidance of his Sheikh, Shah Sufi Syed Wazeed
Ali, with a view of achieving spiritual knowledge and right guidance
for the welfare of the people.
sought world peace and thus preached his valuable teachings which
are highly respected and maintained by numbers of people in the
Enayetpuri believed that true knowledge could be gained through
mystic intuition. HIs highest mystical literature reveals that a
true Muslim should practice and experience Union with Allah. The
mystic teachings of Enayetpuri are keen and have been widely embraced
by his disciples. Khwaja Enayetpuri said that man has the potentiality
to achieve 'tajalli', the divine illumination through which
he can awaken his latent Soul and control his egocentric nafs
(self) so as to attain the compassion of Allah. Throughout his teachings,
Khwaja Enayetpuri's main strema of thought exhibited a silent revolution
of peace and progress and morality in the greater sphere of life.
regular Sufi practice in many of the Khaneghahs in Bangladesh
is zikr, assisted with ghazals. The participants of
zikr do not perform any other sama (Suif music), qawwali,
or dance. The only music performed with the verbal zikr
is ghazal, written and sung with rhythm and melody but without
any musical instrument, by the zakers (performers of zikr).
Surrounding the Pirs, the zakers start performing zikr,
La ilaha illa LLah, or repeating the word, Allah, with a
very soft melody and without interrupting it, a group of three or
four ghazal singers led by one head singer perform the ghazals,
praising their Murshids, chanting the core Sufi principles
of Khwaja Enayetpuri, and expressing the beauty and love of God.
Although the zikr is performed with a fast tempo, it ends
without any whirling dance, instrumental music, or hand-clapping.
Zikr is followed by the monazat (solicitation of blessings)
to God which sometimes lasts over an hour. In performing the supplication
to God, the heads of the Khaneghahs lead the monazat,
asking for God's blessings for all people of the world in general,
and all fo the Sufi Saints of the past and present. Sometimes special
monazats are held asking for God's blessings in critical
situations; for example, during a drought or flood.
in Bangladesh is a silent and spontaneous movement. The Sufis and
the Sheikhs in India and Bangladesh are believed to have
shown many miracles and divine activities. The Bangladeshi people
are tender minded in terms of religious principle; they can be easily
convinced if they are given the right direction and shown the right
path towards truth.